Head of the Ethical Innovation Hub

Dr.-Ing. Christian Herzog

Institute for Electrical Engineering in Medicine

Ratzeburger Allee 160
23562 Lübeck
Gebäude 64, Raum 0.106

Email:christian.herzog(at)uni-luebeck.de
Phone:+49 451 3101 6211
Fax:

Research Interests

  • Ethics of technology, esp. ethical and societal aspects of artificial intelligence
  • Transdisciplinary and participative research for Responsible Research & Innovation in practice
  • Scholarship of teaching in engineering ethics
  • Explainable, probabilistic graphical models for inference algorithms

Curriculum Vitae

I am a transdisciplinary researcher originally trained at Hamburg University of Technology, Germany, were I received my B.Sc and M.Sc. degrees in Mechatronics in 2008 and 2011. I also did my Ph.D. at the Institute of Control Systems of the same university, focusing on the robust and parameter-varying control of nonlinear and interconnected systems. Since 2015 I have been holding a tenured position at the Institute for Electrical Engineering in Medicine at the University of Lübeck. While having engaged in the ethics and sustainability issues of technology by conducting peer-to-peer teaching since 2011, from 2016 I have begun to professionally shift my research focus towards the ethics of engineering, innovative technologies and artificial intelligence in particular. In that course, I have also received my M.A. in Applied and Professional Ethics from the University of Leeds. I commit to teaching engineering ethics, promoting broad and inclusive participation in technology development as well as researching and fostering interdisciplinary approaches in engineering research for the benefit of our world's ecology and society.


Memberships and Commitments 

6/2020–Member, Expert Council AI@Society of the State Government, Schleswig-Holstein
12/2019 "Make Bureaucracy Great Again?!" with Jan Philipp Albrecht
07/2019Co-organization of mini-symposium “Ethical Design Considerations in MedTech” at the EMBC
2018–2019Co-Host of "Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning" Session at Lübeck Summer Academy on Medical Technology
2018–Working group on "Artificial Intelligence" of the German Institute for Standardization
02/2018"Machines and Morals" with Dr. Robert Habeck
2016–2017Member of the "Dialog Forum Ethik" of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Lübeck
2014Member, IEEE, Society on Social Implications of Technology
2012Member, IEEE, Control Systems Society

Awards

2018Innovation Award of the "Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft für Krankenhaustechnik e.V. (WGKT)", (for a supervised bachelor thesis)
2018Best Paper Award (Runner up), AUTOMED
2017Walter-Dosch Lehrpreis, Universität zu Lübeck
2012Nordmetall-Foundation Award, Best Master's Thesis
2008Prof. Dr.-Ing. Erich Müller Scholarship
2008General Engineering Award of Hamburg University of Technology

Academic Career

2018–2020Master of Arts in Applied & Professional Ethics, University of Leeds, with Distinction
01/2020– Head of the Ethical Innovation Hub, University of Lübeck
04/2015–Research Fellow at the Institute for Electrical Engineering in Medicine, University of Lübeck
2015Dr.-Ing in Control Theory, Hamburg University of Technology, Summa Cum Laude
2011–2015Research Associate at the Institute of Control Systems, Hamburg University of Technology
2011Master of Science in Mechatronics, Hamburg University of Technology, with Distinction
2010–Founding Member, Blue Engineering Group, Hamburg University of Technology
2008Bachelor of Science in General Engineering Science, Hamburg University of Technology

 


Publications

For a complete list of my publications (most of which published under my birth name "Hoffmann) including topics from engineering, control theory and probabilistic inference, please visit my page at the Institute for Electrical Engineering in Medicine.

Books & Book Chapters

2021

  • Martin, D., Herzog, C., Papageorgiou, K. and Bombaerts, G.: Three European experiences of co-creating ethical solutions to real-world problems through Challenge-Based Learning in Emerald Handbook on Challenge-Based Learning, 2021
    BibTeX
    @incollection{Martin2021,
    	title = {Three European experiences of co-creating ethical solutions to real-world problems through Challenge-Based Learning},
    	booktitle = {Emerald Handbook on Challenge-Based Learning},
    	author = {Martin, Diana and Herzog, Christian and Papageorgiou, Kyriaki and Bombaerts, Gunter},
    	year = {2021}
    }

2018

  • Herzog, C.: Ethics of Innovative Engineering – A Commitment to Peer-to-Peer-Learning in Excellent Teaching. Principles, Structures and Requirements, pp. 269--278, wbv Media GmbH & Co. KG, Bielefeld, 2018
    BibTeX
    @incollection{Herzog2018,
    address = {Bielefeld},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {Excellent Teaching. Principles, Structures and Requirements},
    editor = {Jansen-Schulz, Bettina and Tantau, Till},
    pages = {269-278},
    publisher = {wbv Media GmbH & Co. KG},
    title = {Ethics of Innovative Engineering – A Commitment to Peer-to-Peer-Learning},
    year = {2018}
    }
    

Journal Publications

2021

  • Herzog, C.: On formal ethics versus inclusive moral deliberation AI and Ethics, March, 2021
    BibTeX Link Link
    @article{Herzog2021b,
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    doi = {10.1007/s43681-021-00045-4},
    issn = {2730-5953},
    journal = {AI and Ethics},
    month = {March},
    title = {On formal ethics versus inclusive moral deliberation},
    url = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s43681-021-00045-4},
    year = {2021}
    }
    
  • Herzog, C.: Three Risks That Caution Against a Premature Implementation of Artificial Moral Agents for Practical and Economical Use Science and Engineering Ethics, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 3, feb, 2021
    BibTeX Link Link
    @article{Herzog2021,
    abstract = {In the present article, I will advocate caution against developing artificial moral agents (AMAs) based on the notion that the utilization of preliminary forms of AMAs will potentially negatively feed back on the human social system and on human moral thought itself and its value—e.g., by reinforcing social inequalities, diminishing the breadth of employed ethical arguments and the value of character. While scientific investigations into AMAs pose no direct significant threat, I will argue against their premature utilization for practical and economical use. I will base my arguments on two thought experiments. The first thought experiment deals with the potential to generate a replica of an individual's moral stances with the purpose to increase, what I term, 'moral efficiency'. Hence, as a first risk, an unregulated utilization of premature AMAs in a neoliberal capitalist system is likely to disadvantage those who cannot afford 'moral replicas' and further reinforce social inequalities. The second thought experiment deals with the idea of a 'moral calculator'. As a second risk, I will argue that, even as a device equally accessible to all and aimed at augmenting human moral deliberation, 'moral calculators' as preliminary forms of AMAs are likely to diminish the breadth and depth of concepts employed in moral arguments. Again, I base this claim on the idea that the current most dominant economic system rewards increases in productivity. However, increases in efficiency will mostly stem from relying on the outputs of 'moral calculators' without further scrutiny. Premature AMAs will cover only a limited scope of moral argumentation and, hence, over-reliance on them will narrow human moral thought. In addition and as the third risk, I will argue that an increased disregard of the interior of a moral agent may ensue—a trend that can already be observed in the literature.},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    doi = {10.1007/s11948-021-00283-z},
    issn = {1353-3452},
    journal = {Science and Engineering Ethics},
    month = {feb},
    number = {1},
    pages = {3},
    title = {Three Risks That Caution Against a Premature Implementation of Artificial Moral Agents for Practical and Economical Use},
    url = {http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11948-021-00283-z},
    volume = {27},
    year = {2021}
    }
    

Conference Publications

2021

  • Herzog, C.: Practical and Moral Challenges for the Project of Formal Ethics in CEPE/IACAP Joint Conference 2021: The Philosophy and Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, Hamburg, Germany, 2021
    BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Herzog2021c,
    	address = {Hamburg, Germany},
    	title = {Practical and Moral Challenges for the Project of Formal Ethics},
    	booktitle = {CEPE/IACAP Joint Conference 2021: The Philosophy and Ethics of Artificial Intelligence},
    	author = {Herzog, Christian},
    	year = {2021}
    }
  • Herzog, C., Breyer, S., Sonar, A. and Bombaerts, G.: Challenge-based Learning for Robotics Students by Engaging Start-Ups in Technology Ethics in Reflecting Technology in Academic Teaching. Workshop on Teaching Environmental, Societal, and Ethical Dimensions of Technological Change, Karlsruhe, 2021
    BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Herzog2021d,
    	address = {Karlsruhe},
    	title = {Challenge-based Learning for Robotics Students by Engaging Start-Ups in Technology Ethics},
    	booktitle = {Reflecting Technology in Academic Teaching. Workshop on Teaching Environmental,  Societal,  and Ethical Dimensions of Technological Change},
    	author = {Herzog, Christian and Breyer, Sabrina and Sonar, Arne and Bombaerts, Gunter},
    	year = {2021}
    }

2020

  • Gode, A., Hedtfeld, J., Heine, M., Herzog, C., Ivens, S., Radzio, F., Wessel, D. and Zetti, D.: DigS-Gov - Die öffentliche Verwaltung als Förderer digitaler Souveränität in Mensch und Computer, 2020
    BibTeX Link
    @inproceedings{Gode2020,
    	title = {DigS-Gov - Die öffentliche Verwaltung als Förderer digitaler Souveränität},
    	url = {https://muc2020.mensch-und-computer.de},
    	booktitle = {Mensch und Computer},
    	author = {Gode, André and Hedtfeld, Jan and Heine, Moreen and Herzog, Christian and Ivens, Stefan and Radzio, Frank and Wessel, Daniel and Zetti, Daniela},
    	year = {2020},
    }
  • Herzog, C.: Automating Morals – On the Morality of Automation Technology, Ironies of Automation and Responsible Research and Innovation in 21st IFAC World Congress, Berlin, Germany, 2020
    BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Herzog2020a,
    address = {Berlin, Germany},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {21st IFAC World Congress},
    title = {Automating Morals – On the Morality of Automation Technology, Ironies of Automation and Responsible Research and Innovation},
    year = {2020}
    }
    
    

2019

  • Herzog, C.: „Ethical Innovation Hub“ – Vision und Konzept eines transdisziplinären Konvergenzpunkts für Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft für KI-Innovationsprozesse in KI-Konferenz Schleswig-Holstein, Staatskanzlei Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 2019
    BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Herzog2019c,
    address = {Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {KI-Konferenz Schleswig-Holstein},
    publisher = {Staatskanzlei Schleswig-Holstein},
    title = {„Ethical Innovation Hub“ – Vision und Konzept eines transdisziplinären Konvergenzpunkts für Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft für KI-Innovationsprozesse},
    year = {2019}
    }
  • Herzog, C.: Technological Opacity of Machine Learning in Healthcare in 2nd Weizenbaum Conference: Challenges of Digital Inequality - Digital Education, Digital Work, Digital Life, Berlin, Germany, 2019
    BibTeX Link
    @inproceedings{Herzog2019b,
    address = {Berlin, Germany},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {2nd Weizenbaum Conference: Challenges of Digital Inequality - Digital Education, Digital Work, Digital Life},
    doi = {https://doi.org/10.34669/wi.cp/2.7},
    title = {Technological Opacity of Machine Learning in Healthcare},
    year = {2019}
    }
  • Herzog, C.: Ethical and Epistemological Challenges of AI in Medical Systems in 41st International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Mini Symposium on "Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec", Berlin, Germany, 2019
    BibTeX
    @misc{Herzog2019e,
    address = {Berlin, Germany},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {41st International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Mini Symposium on "Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec"},
    title = {Ethical and Epistemological Challenges of AI in Medical Systems},
    year = {2019}
    }

2018

  • Herzog, C., Tantau, T. and Rostalski, P.: Study Program 'Robotics and Autonomous Systems' at the University of Lübeck in Proceedings of the 12th European Workshop on Microelectronics Education, 2018
    BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Herzog2018b,
    author = {Herzog, Christian and Tantau, Till and Rostalski, Philipp},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 12th European Workshop on Microelectronics Education},
    title = {Study Program 'Robotics and Autonomous Systems' at the University of Lübeck},
    year = {2018}
    }

Theses

2020

  • Herzog, C.: Should We Build Artificial Moral Agents? Projekt Work Thesis at the University of Leeds, Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre, United Kingdom, 2020
    BibTeX
    @phdthesis{Herzog2020e,
    	title = {Should We Build Artificial Moral Agents?},
    	school = {University of Leeds},
            address = {Projekt Work Thesis at the University of Leeds, Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre, United Kingdom},
    	author = {Herzog, Christian},
    	year = {2020},
    	type = {Project Work Thesis}
    }
    
  • Herzog, C.: Should Ethics be Formalized? - And if so, What for? Master's Thesis at the University of Leeds, Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre, United Kingdom, 2020
    BibTeX
    @phdthesis{Herzog2020b,
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    address = {Master's Thesis at the University of Leeds, Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre, United Kingdom},
    school = {University of Leeds},
    title = {Should Ethics be Formalized? - And if so, What for?},
    type = {Master's Thesis},
    year = {2020}
    }
    

2015

  • Herzog né Hoffmann, C.: Linear Parameter-Varying Control of Systems of High Complexity TUHH Universitätsbibliothek (electronic publication), Dr.-Hut-Verlag (print publication), Ph.D. Thesis at Hamburg University of Technology, 2015
    BibTeX Link Link
    @phdthesis{Herzog2015,
    address = {Germany},
    author = {Herzog né Hoffmann, Christian},
    doi = {10.15480/882.1301},
    isbn = {978-3-8439-2682-9},
    publisher = {TUHH Universitätsbibliothek (electronic publication), Dr.-Hut-Verlag (print publication)},
    school = {Hamburg University of Technology},
    address = {Ph.D. Thesis at Hamburg University of Technology},
    title = {Linear Parameter-Varying Control of Systems of High Complexity},
    type = {Ph.D. Thesis},
    url = {http://tubdok.tub.tuhh.de/handle/11420/1304},
    year = {2015}
    }
    

2011

  • Herzog né Hoffmann, C.: Design and Control of a Novel Portable Mechanical Ventilator Institute of Control Systems; Weinmann Geräte für Medizin GmbH + Co. KG., Hamburg, Germany, 2011
    BibTeX
    @phdthesis{Herzog2011,
    address = {Master's Thesis at Hamburg University of Technology, Germany},
    author = {Herzog né Hoffmann, Christian},
    publisher = {Institute of Control Systems; Weinmann Geräte für Medizin GmbH + Co. KG.},
    school = {Hamburg University of Technology},
    title = {Design and Control of a Novel Portable Mechanical Ventilator},
    type = {Master's Thesis},
    year = {2011}
    }
    

2008

  • Herzog né Hoffmann, C.: Modelling and Control of a Cooling System for Power Electronics on a Commercial Aircraft Institute of Thermofluid Dynamics; Institute of Control Systems, Hamburg, Germany, 2008
    BibTeX
    @phdthesis{Herzog2008,
    address = {Hamburg, Germany},
    author = {Herzog né Hoffmann, Christian},
    publisher = {Institute of Thermofluid Dynamics; Institute of Control Systems},
    school = {Hamburg University of Technology},
    title = {Modelling and Control of a Cooling System for Power Electronics on a Commercial Aircraft},
    type = {Bachelor Thesis},
    year = {2008}
    }
    

Presentations

2019

  • Gomes Ataide, E. J., Maartens, J., Bartling, S., Hutmacher, D. W., Herzog, C. and Friebe, M.: Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec: The Big Picture and Accompanying Concerns in 41st International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Mini Symposium on "Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec", Berlin, Germany, 2019
    BibTeX
    @misc{GomesAtaide2019,
    address = {Berlin, Germany},
    author = {Gomes Ataide, Elmer Jeto and Maartens, Joachim and Bartling, Sönke and Hutmacher, Dietmar W. and Herzog, Christian and Friebe, Michael},
    booktitle = {41st International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Mini Symposium on "Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec"},
    title = {Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec: The Big Picture and Accompanying Concerns},
    year = {2019}
    }
  • Herzog, C. and Friebe, M.: Ethics as an Essential Teaching Element for Innovative Medical Technology Engineering Education in 41st International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Mini Symposium on "Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec", Berlin, Germany, 2019
    BibTeX
    @misc{Herzog2019a,
    address = {Berlin, Germany},
    author = {Herzog, Christian and Friebe, Michael},
    booktitle = {41st International Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Mini Symposium on "Ethical Design Considerations for MedTec"},
    title = {Ethics as an Essential Teaching Element for Innovative Medical Technology Engineering Education},
    year = {2019}
    }
  • Herzog, C.: Responsible Research and Innovation in der KI-Basierten Medizintechnik in Vortrag vor der Medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Lübeck, Lübeck, 2019
    BibTeX
    @misc{Herzog2019g,
    address = {Lübeck},
    author = {Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {Vortrag vor der Medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Lübeck},
    title = {Responsible Research and Innovation in der KI-Basierten Medizintechnik},
    year = {2019}
    }
    

2020

  • Sonar, A. and Herzog, C.: (Ingenieurs-)Ethische Dimensionen der KI – Überlegungen zu Implikationen & Herausforderungen KI-basierter Humangenomik in Online-Workshop „Humangenomik trifft Künstliche Intelligenz – Ethische und gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen“, 2020
    BibTeX
    @misc{Sonar2020,
    author = {Sonar, Arne and Herzog, Christian},
    booktitle = {Online-Workshop „Humangenomik trifft Künstliche Intelligenz – Ethische und gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen“},
    title = {(Ingenieurs-)Ethische Dimensionen der KI – Überlegungen zu Implikationen & Herausforderungen KI-basierter Humangenomik},
    year = {2020}
    }
    
  • Gode, A., Hedtfeld, J., Heine, M., Herzog, C., Ivens, S., Radzio, F., Wessel, D. and Zetti, D.: DigS-Gov - Die öffentliche Verwaltung als Förderer digitaler Souveränität in Mensch und Computer, 2020
    BibTeX Link
    @misc{Gode2020,
    author = {Gode, André and Hedtfeld, Jan and Heine, Moreen and Herzog, Christian and Ivens, Stefan and Radzio, Frank and Wessel, Daniel and Zetti, Daniela},
    booktitle = {Mensch und Computer},
    title = {DigS-Gov - Die öffentliche Verwaltung als Förderer digitaler Souveränität},
    url = {https://muc2020.mensch-und-computer.de},
    year = {2020}
    }
    

2021

  • Breyer, S. and Herzog, C.: Akzeptanzfragen bei KI-basierter Medizintechnik in KI-Sommercampus der Begleitforschung des KI-Innovationswettbewerb BMWi, jun, 2021
    BibTeX
    @misc{Breyer2021,
    	title = {Akzeptanzfragen bei KI-basierter Medizintechnik},
    	language = {German},
    	author = {Breyer, Sabrina and Herzog, Christian},
    	month = {June},
    	year = {2021},
    	booktitle = {KI-Sommercampus der Begleitforschung des KI-Innovationswettbewerb BMWi}
    }

Unpublished

2019

  • Herzog, C., Rehmann-Sutter, C., Haase, J., Heinrich, M., Ernst, F., Rückert, E., König, I. R., Schrader, A., Heine, M., Madany Mamlouk, A., Franke, T., Rostalski, P. and Martinetz, T.: Ethische Leitsätze für die Erforschung und Verwendung von Künstlicher Intelligenz an der Universität zu Lübeck Lübeck, 2019
    BibTeX
    @unpublished{Herzog2019f,
    address = {Lübeck},
    author = {Herzog, Christian and Rehmann-Sutter, Christoph and Haase, Jan and Heinrich, Mattias and Ernst, Floris and Rückert, Elmar and König, Inke R. and Schrader, Andreas and Heine, Moreen and Madany Mamlouk, Amir and Franke, Thomas and Rostalski, Philipp and Martinetz, Thomas},
    institution = {University of Lübeck},
    title = {Ethische Leitsätze für die Erforschung und Verwendung von Künstlicher Intelligenz an der Universität zu Lübeck},
    year = {2019}
    }
    
  • Herzog, C., Hackenjos, S., Lucas, N., Schöning, L. and Kühn, F. C.: Reviving the Honorable Merchant in the Age of Digitization in Final Report on the Dialog Forum "Ethics of Digitization" Conducted by the Chamber of Industry and Commerce, Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany, 2019
    BibTeX
    @unpublished{Herzog2019,
    address = {Lübeck, Germany},
    author = {Herzog, Christian and Hackenjos, Sabine and Lucas, Nicola and Schöning, Lars and Kühn, Friederike C.},
    booktitle = {Final Report on the Dialog Forum "Ethics of Digitization" Conducted by the Chamber of Industry and Commerce, Lübeck},
    title = {Reviving the Honorable Merchant in the Age of Digitization},
    year = {2019}
    }